Laparoscopic Surgery – Everything You Need to Know

What is laparoscopic surgery? Let us find out!

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery (MIS), is a surgical procedure in which a thin camera-equipped device is inserted into the abdomen or pelvis through a small incision. The camera relays a real-time video of the internal organs allowing the doctors to see inside the stomach. The entire operation is done through these small incisions.

Gynaecological Laparoscopy

Laparoscopic surgery can be used to diagnose and treat various gynaecological problems. The most common conditions treated with this procedure include endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, and more. Laparoscopy is also used to determine the cause of chronic pelvic pain or infertility.


Laparoscopy is mostly performed under general anaesthesia. Surgeons make one or more 0.5 to 1 cm incisions, known as ports. A laparoscope is then placed into these surgical incisions to help visualise the body’s structures on a screen.

Laparoscopic surgery procedure

Instead of seeing the internal organs directly while operating, the entire procedure is done with the help of visualisation projected on the monitor. The incisions made for the surgery are small and as a result, laparoscopy provides a great alternative to an open procedure.

Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery offers many benefits over traditional surgery. Some of the benefits include:

  • Smaller incisions: Compared to open surgery, the laparoscopic approach requires only small incisions, which means less pain, less scarring, and a faster recovery time.

  • Reduced blood loss: The small incisions used in this minimally invasive procedure cause less trauma to the surrounding tissues, leading to minimal blood loss during the procedure.
  • Shorter hospital stay: Patients who undergo this procedure typically spend less time in the hospital.
  • Lower risk of complications: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with a reduced risk of postoperative complications, such as wound infections and blood clots.
  • Faster return to normal activities: The recovery time for laparoscopic surgery is relatively short; most patients can return to normal activities quickly.

  • Better visualization: This surgery allows the surgeon to have a better view of the operative field, resulting in improved precision and accuracy.
  • Improved cosmetic results: Laparoscopy is minimally invasive and requires only small incisions. That means there’s less trauma to the skin and underlying tissues, leading to less scarring and a better cosmetic result.

Potential Complications

As with any surgery, there is a risk of complications with laparoscopic surgery. However, the risk is relatively low, and complications are usually minor. Some of the potential risks include bleeding, infection, and injury to surrounding organs.


If you are experiencing gynaecological problems, laparoscopic surgery may be a viable treatment option. This modern surgical procedure offers many benefits over traditional surgery. Some of the potential advantages include smaller incisions, faster recovery time, and a lower risk of complications.

To learn more about laparoscopy surgery and whether it is the right approach for you, consult with Dr. Neha Gupta, a renowned Gynecologist in Noida.


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